International Association of Special Education

Fostering a Global Exchange of Ideas and Information

Girma Berhanu - Sweden

Girma Berhanu is an Associate Professor of Education at the Department of Education and Special Education, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, where he teaches research methods and special education courses.  He is fervently engaged in discussions of equity issues in the field of special education.  His general areas of research interest are ―race, ethnicity and special education.  Of particular interest to him is "group-based inequalities” in scholastic achievement and minority students‘ learning and development in a globalized and post-colonial world.  The issues he works with are related primarily to socio-cultural factors, including historical aspects and institutional frameworks, that are relevant to education in general and to special education approaches and perspectives in particular.  He is a member of an international consortium of equity in special education.  The consortium focuses mainly on understanding the “Complexities of Inclusive Education from a Comparative Perspective: How Cultural Histories Shape the Ways That Schools Respond to Multiple Forms of Diversity.”   Berhanu‘s M.A. and Ph.D. are from the University of Gothenburg; his B.A is from Addis Ababa University.

Contact Information

Recent Publications

Berhanu, G. (2009). Challenges and Responses to Inclusive Education in Sweden: Mapping issues of equity, participation and democratic values. Presented at a RESEARCH FORUM: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EQUITY IN INCLUSIVE EDUCATION. Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (CASBS), Stanford University. Palo Alto, California, U.S.A. February 1-5 of 2009.


Berhanu, G. & Gustafsson, B. (2009). Delaktighet och jämlikhet för elever med funktionshinder. I Specialpedagogisk forskning. En mångfasetterad utmaning (Red. Ann Ahlberg). Lund: Studentlitteratur. (S.81-101).


Berhanu, G. (2010). Even in Sweden Excluding the Included: Some reflections on the consequences of new policies on educational processes and outcomes, and equity in education. In International Journal of Special Education, Vol. 25 No.3, 2010, pp. 148-159.


Berhanu, G. (2011).Inclusive Education in Sweden: Responses, Challenges, and Prospects. In International Journal of Special Education, Vol. 26 No.2, 2011. (Accepted for publication).


Berhanu, G. (2011). Challenges and Responses to Inclusive Education in Sweden: Mapping issues of equity, participation and democratic values. In  Inclusive Education Examining Equity on Five Continents  Edited by Alfredo J. Artiles, Elizabeth B. Kozleski, and Federico R. Waitoller. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Education Press.


Berhanu, G. (2011Nov.). Academic Racism: Richard Lynn’s and Satoshi Kanazawa’s bogus and sub-standard theory of racial differences in intelligence: An essay review of Racial Differences in Intelligence: An Evolutionary Analysis by Richard Lynn (2008) and a review of Temperature and Evolutionary Novelty as Forces Behind the Evolution of General Intelligence by Satoshi Kanazawa (2008) In Educational review.  Volume 14,  number 8.  ISSN 1094-5296


Berhanu, G. (2011). Challenges and Responses to Inclusive Education in Sweden: Mapping issues of equity, participation and democratic values. In  Inclusive Education Examining Equity on Five Continents  Edited by Alfredo J. Artiles, Elizabeth B. Kozleski, and Federico R. Waitoller. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Education Press.

Farooq, M.S., Chaudhry A.H., Shafiq, M. & Berhanu, G. (2011 FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS’ QUALITY OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: A CASE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL. In Journal of Quality and Technology Management V(7), Issue II, December, 2011, Page 01 ‐ 14.


Berhanu, G., & Dyson, A. (2012). Special education in Europe, overrepresentation of minority students. In J. Banks (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education (pp. 2070-2073). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications, Inc.

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